East Asian philosophical thought began in Ancient China , and Chinese philosophy begins during the Western Zhou Dynasty and the following periods after its fall when the " Hundred Schools of Thought " flourished (6th century to 221 BCE).   This period was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural developments and saw the rise of the major philosophical schools of China, Confucianism , Legalism , and Daoism as well as numerous other less influential schools. These philosophical traditions developed metaphysical, political and ethical theories such Tao , Yin and yang , Ren and Li which, along with Chinese Buddhism , directly influenced Korean philosophy , Vietnamese philosophy and Japanese philosophy (which also includes the native Shinto tradition). Buddhism began arriving in China during the Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), through a gradual Silk road transmission and through native influences developed distinct Chinese forms (such as Chan/ Zen ) which spread throughout the East Asian cultural sphere . During later Chinese dynasties like the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) as well as in the Korean Joseon dynasty (1392–1897) a resurgent Neo-Confucianism led by thinkers such as Wang Yangming (1472–1529) became the dominant school of thought, and was promoted by the imperial state.
“In order to live, man must act; in order to act, he must make choices; in order to make choices, he must define a code of values; in order to define a code of values, he must know what he is and where he is—., he must know his own nature (including his means of knowledge) and the nature of the universe in which he acts—., he needs metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, which means: philosophy. He cannot escape from this need; his only alternative is whether the philosophy guiding him is to be chosen by his mind or by chance.” – Ayn Rand, 1966, “Philosophy and Sense of Life” from What makes Ayn Rand’s philosophy unique?
Although an individual statement of academic advising philosophy differs from that of other advisors, the document often and justifiably includes common elements. For example, an advisor’s philosophy should reflect the spirit of the NACADA Statement of Core Values of Academic Advising (NACADA: The Global Community for Academic Advising, 2005), the ethical code that guides the profession. Advisors need not directly reference the institutional or unit visions, values, missions, and goals in their personal statement; however, their articulation of advising, personal values, personal advising mission, and professional goals should not stand in opposition to the values featured in institutional documents or set down by NACADA.