Rate of reaction coursework analysis

In a multistep reaction, the rate-determining step does not necessarily correspond to the highest Gibbs energy on the reaction coordinate diagram. [5] [3] If there is a reaction intermediate whose energy is lower than the initial reactants, then the activation energy needed to pass through any subsequent transition state depends on the Gibbs energy of that state relative to the lower-energy intermediate. The rate determining step is then the step with the largest Gibbs energy difference relative either to the starting material or to any previous intermediate on the diagram. [5] [6]

Rate constant can be calculated for elementary reactions by molecular dynamics simulations. One possible approach is to calculate the mean residence time of the molecule in the reactant state. Although this is feasible for small systems with short residence times, this approach is not widely applicable as reactions are often rare events on molecular scale. One simple approach to overcome this problem is Divided Saddle Theory. [3] Such other methods as the Benett Chandler procedure, [4] [5] and Milestoning are also developed for rate constant calculations.

Rate of reaction coursework analysis

rate of reaction coursework analysis

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